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Highlights

Augmented Reality (AR) vs. Virtual Reality (VR)




2016 has seen numerous groundbreaking technology so far. Oculus finally released their consumer market VR headsets back in Q1 and partnered up with Samsung  to create the Samsung Gear VRs which is exclusive with the Samsung Galaxy Note7. Aside from that, Nvidia and AMD released their Pascal and Polaris architecture respectively, Intel teases Kabylake, Pokemon Go was released, and 360 videos and photos are becoming a big deal thanks to Facebook.

All in all, 2016 is one amazing year so far and we’ll be covering two topics that are similar to each other that could be the next major computing platform – Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality. 

AR vs VR

Right now everyone knows what Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality is unlike back in 2014 and 2015 which were the “developmental days” of Oculus and HTC. But people are always asking, “What’s the difference?”, “What are the advantages between the two?”, “Which one is better?”. As early as now we’re telling you that both of them have their specific advantages and they are equally fair because they are aimed at different audiences, so think of them as brothers and sisters.

Augmented Reality

AR 1

You’ve probably (and most likely have) watched Iron Man before. Did you ever wonder how awesome Tony Stark created those Iron Man suits with their holographic/embedded displays? Well, that is Augmented Reality.  How so?

In the scenario of Iron Man, his suit projects a Visual UI that interacts with his surroundings such as aiming for a target,  scanning a building, estimating the trajectory of a missile, etc etc. That UI which interact with his vision is Augmented Reality.  Another good example of Augmented Reality is the very famous AR game known as Pokemon Go.

Pokemon Go interacts with our surroundings via GPS, and knows real life locations and sometimes sets them as “Gyms” whilst predicting locations of nearby Pokemon. It also adds more immersion by projecting Pokemon on the display via the phone’s camera whilst catching them.

Microsoft’s HoloLens and Google’s Glasses are perfect examples of current AR devices by projecting a UI or any form of graphics in a real-life scenario. HoloGrams, for example, is Augmented Reality.

Simply put, Augmented Reality is the counterpart of Virtual Reality on which instead of immersing yourself in a new computer-generated environment, Augmented Reality adds graphics and UI to interact with the real world via your preferred choice of electronic device.

Virtual Reality

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While both AR and VR have their roots back in the 1950’s and earlier as ideas, only Virtual Reality had hit a more “mainstream” approach thanks to several research efforts back in the 1980’s including the downfall of Nintendo’s Virtual Boy.

Virtual Reality is more common nowadays thanks to Oculus, HTC, and other companies that are involved in the R&D of VR. Just imagine yourself wanting to ride a roller coaster but you don’t want to leave the house, or you want to play a horror game but is bored by the general horror games we have at PC, well this is where VR comes along. Unlike AR, Virtual Reality immerses you in the environment of your choosing via PC or phone.

Desktop VR experiences are more immersive since the hardware used to generate the computer imagery is more powerful and complex, unlike a typical mobile phone. However, the major disadvantage of desktop VR compared to mobile VR is portability on which current-gen desktop VR Headsets are not yet known for due to their bulky size, and long (sometimes frustrating) wires.

That being said, mobile VR experiences are becoming more and more immersive though not yet as whole as a desktop VR headset, but they are becoming better in the field. If you haven’t and want to experience VR, remember that Mobile VR Headsets are significantly different in immersion and experience compared to desktop VR headsets. So it’s always good to try both if you can.

Virtual Reality is simply immersing one’s self in a computer-generated environment via the use of a VR headset whether its a phone or a desktop (a PC is significantly more powerful and immersive due to powerful hardware).

Differences:

Both of them have their own advantages and disadvantages since they are completely different in their usage. However, here we list down the differences between them in general fields on which they both coincide.

Experience/Immersion:

  • AR – Uses cameras and other means to create generated UI for the user.
  • VR – Computer generated environments accompanied by 3D sound gives the user an incredibly immersive experience.

General Use:

  • AR – Great for general purpose applications/tasks such as driving, cooking, and the like since they provide integrated directions/instructions.
  • VR -Also great for general purpose applications though right now it’s more focused on entertainment since you are fully immersed in a computer generated environment.

Cost of device:

  • AR – Can be used by most modern day devices with the proper software/app through the camera, while dedicated AR devices such as the HoloLens and Google Glass are expensive.
  • VR – Desktop VR Headsets such as the Vive and Rift are expensive. Lower end mobile devices are cheap while higher end mobile devices are still somewhat cost friendly.

Restrictions:

  • AR – Mobile. Can be used anywhere if needed.
  • VR – Desktop Headsets require a powerful desktop to operate and not all mobile phones can use a Mobile VR headset even if it’s Google Cardboard (Gyroscope and other sensors required)

Take note that both devices can be used in almost any application such as entertainment, health, finance, etc etc.

Conclusion:

They are best left un-compared since they have different targets in their own field. While both AR and VR can be used in different fields such as health, entertainment, and the like, both have different ways of approaching them. That’s why it is always best if you try both because they are different from one another.

All in all, VR and AR are no doubt a huge step for a technologically advanced future. Who knows, maybe in time, Holograms will be perfected and one day, people would meet in virtual locations rather than real-life locations. These can all be possible and since the technology is fairly young, it still has a lot of potential.



This article was written by Pete Deyto. A Tech-Enthusiast of all sorts, he is the Business Development Officer of Veer Technologies and Reality+, and the Corporate Relations Manager of VR Philippines. He is currently taking up B.S. Computer Science at the University of Santo Tomas.

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